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Features for Spring 2014

Plant: Draba cuneifolia
Text: Introductory Information
Definitions: Plant descriptions
Biography: John Merle Coulter
Links: Colorado Natural Heritage Program

Save the dates and join us in Durango
July 24-26, 2015
for the Native Plant Society of New Mexico Annual Meeting

Click for details.

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Recent Additions to this Web Site

1) New: "How to Identify Plants Using a Botanical Key".

2)  Click below for photographs of species new to this web site.

April, 2014

May, 2014

June, 2014

July, 2014

August, 2014

September, 2014

October, 2014

November, 2014

3)  Click below for new photographs of species already on this web site.

March, 2014

Opuntia polyacantha

April, 2014

Shepherdia rotundifolia
Lomatium parryi

Arctostaphylos patula

May, 2014

June, 2014

July, 2014

August, 2014

September, 2014

October, 2014

November, 2014


FAMILY NAME CHANGES

Genetic research carried on since the 1990s has provided considerable new information about the relationship of plants. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) was formed to review the research and make taxonomic recommendations, which now have indicated that some families should be merged and some genera should be moved to different families. The vast majority of families and genera have not been shifted into new families, and species names have not been changed.

Major herbaria, most botanists, and most new publications accept the APG research and the new family classifications.

This Four Corners flora web site uses the APG classification, which is also accepted by John Kartesz, the ultimate authority for all plant names on this web site.

Following are the family shifts that affect plants found on this web site. This information is current as of November, 2013. There certainly will be updates.

Almost all genera of the Snapdragon Family (Scrophulariaceae) have been moved to other families:
Paintbrush (Castilleja), Lousewort (Pedicularis), Club Flower (Cordylanthus), and Owl Clover (Orthocarpus) are now in the Broomrape Family (Orobanchaceae);
Snow Lover (Chionophila), Blue-Eyed Mary (Collinsia), Toadflax (Linaria), Penstemon (Penstemon), Veronica (Veronica and Veronicastrum) are now in the Plantain Family (Plantaginaceae);
Monkey Flower (Mimulus) is now in the Lopseed Family (Phrymaceae).

All Maple Family (Aceraceae) genera including Maple (Acer) are now in the Soapberry Family (Sapindaceae).

All Waterleaf Family (Hydrophyllaceae) genera including Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum), Fiddleleaf  (Nama), and Scorpion Weed (Phacelia) are now in the Borage Family (Boraginaceae).

All Pyrola Family (Pyrolaceae) genera including Single Delight (Moneses), One-sided Wintergreen (Orthilia), and Pyrola (Pyrola) are now in the Heath Family (Ericaceae).

Almost all Goosefoot Family (Chenopodiaceae) genera including Saltbush (Atriplex), Goosefoot (Chenopodium), Hop Sage (Grayia), Saltlover (Halogeton), Winter Fat (Krascheninnikovia), Poverty Weed (Monolepis), Green Molly (Neokochia), and Tumble Weed (Salsola) are now in the Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae).
Greasewood (Sarcobatus) is in the Greasewood Family (Sarcobataceae).

All Milkweed Family (Asclepiadaceae) genera including Milkweed (Asclepias) are now in the Dogbane Family (Apocynaceae).

Many Lily Family (Liliaceae) genera are in new families:
Onions (Allium) are in the Onion Family (Alliaceae);
Sand Lily (Androstephium) and Giant Onion (Triteleia) are in the Brodiaea Family (Themidaceae);
Corn Lily (Veratrum) and Death Camas (Anticlea) are in the False Hellebore Family (Melanthiaceae);
False Solomon Seal (Maianthemum) is in Butcher's Broom Family (Ruscaceae);
Sand Lily (Eremocrinum) is in the Agave Family (Agavaceae).

Most Purslane Family (Portulacaceae) genera including Spring Beauty (Claytonia), Bitterroot (Lewisia), Fameflower (Phemeranthus) are now in the Miner's Lettuce Family (Montiaceae).

All Mistletoe Family (Viscaceae) genera including Ponderosa Mistletoe (Arceuthobium) and Juniper Mistletoe (Phoradendron) are now in the Sandalwood Family (Santalaceae).

Grass of Parnassus (Parnassia) is now in the Grass of Parnassus Family (Parnassiaceae), not in the Saxifrage Family (Saxifragaceae).

Burreed (Sparganium) is now in the Cattail Family (Typhaceae), not in the Burreed Family (Sparganiaceae).

All Mare's Tale Family (Hippuridaceae) genera including Hippuris are now in the Plantain Family (Plantaginaceae).

St. Johnswort (Hypericum) is now in the St. Johnswort Family (Hypericaceae), not in the Scotch Attorney Family (Clusiaceae).

Hackberry (Celtis) is now in the Hemp Family (Cannabaceae), not in the Elm Family (Ulmaceae).

Pinedrops (Pterospora andromedea) is now in the Heath Family (Ericaceae), not in the Pinesap Family (Monotropaceae).

Bee Plants (Cleome, Cleomella, and Peritoma) are now in the Cleome Family (Cleomaceae), not the Caper Family (Capparaceae).

Click for a list of the family changes brought about by genetic research. The red font indicates plants found on this web site.

Remember that the species names are all the same; only their grouping into families has changed.

Click here to see the composition of all families shown in this web site.

Click here to see a list of all families according to APG.

Click for Walt Fertig's succinct discussion of the APG families.

Click for a nice discussion of APG in Wikipedia.

Click for the very complex APG details.

 


 

Comments & Updates on Weber and Wittmann's Colorado Flora

Click here for comments on the flora of Colorado and helpful suggestions for better understanding Weber and Wittmann's 2012, 4th edition of Colorado Flora.

Click to order and read more about Colorado Flora: Western Slope. Eastern Slope.

Please order Colorado Flora from the Exotic Plant Books Company and on the drop down menu at check out, specify that you would like 10% of your purchase price to go to the San Juan/Four Corners Native Plant Society.
Thanks.

Comments & Updates on Heil and O'Kane's
Flora of the Four Corners Region

Click here for comments, corrections, and additions to the 2013,
Flora of the Four Corners Region
.

Click to order and read more about this flora.

Please order from the Exotic Plant Books Company and on the drop down menu at check out, specify that you would like 10% of your purchase price to go to the San Juan/Four Corners Native Plant Society.
Thanks.


Native Plants On-line Discussion Groups

Do you have questions about native plants? Would you like to share information about native plants? 

Join the Colorado and New Mexico Native Plants on-line botanical discussion groups for amateurs and professionals. Once you sign up you can participate as much or as little as you want to.  Send in photographs of your mystery plants for identification, discuss key issues about conserving native plants, discuss techniques for growing native plants in your garden, learn about field trips, etc. 

1)  Click to view the Colorado Native Plant discussion site and to enter your email address to sign up.

2)  To subscribe to the very active New Mexico discussion group:
Send an e-mail message to:    listserv@maillist.unm.edu
Leave the subject field blank.
In the body of the message type: Subscribe NMPLANTS-L firstname lastname .
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     PINK/RED/ORANGE FLOWERS     TREES    
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