SEARCH AND WILDFLOWER HOME PAGE      YELLOW FLOWERS     CONTACT US



Click for a full sized view of a magnificent bloom of Stanleya pinnata.

Stanleya pinnata

Stanleya pinnata

Stanleya pinnata (Prince’s Plume)
Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

Semi-desert, foothills. Woodlands, openings. Spring.
Canyonlands National Park, Confluence Trail, May 20, 2004 and
Lower Cross Canyon, May 2, 2016.

Growing to over five feet, putting out a long plume of yellow flowers, and swaying in the wind gets you attention.  Place yourself in rocks at the side of the trail and the show is yours.  Stanleya pinnata flowers are a deep lemon yellow. They open from the bottom of the stalk upward over a period of many weeks, sometimes months.  The dried stems persist for a year or two.  Stanleya pinnata thrives on selenium rich soils and as a result, crushed stems or leaves may have an unpleasant odor.

The young plant in the second photograph shows off the several leaf shapes of Stanleya pinnata: lower leaves are deeply cut into lobes or they may even be cut so deeply that they are pinnatifid or pinnate. Upper leaves are reduced in size and they also may have a new shape  --  linear, linear/lanceolate, or ovate.

Frederick Pursh was the first to name this plant, but he placed it in the Cleome genus, giving it the name of Cleome pinnata in 1814 from a species collected by John Bradbury (1768-1823) "in Upper Louisiana [Territory]".  "Pinnata" is Latin for "feathered", referring to the feather-like, dissected lower leaves.

From a specimen he collected near the Missouri River, Thomas Nuttall realized that the plant was not a Cleome and in his 1818 Genera of North American Plants (click the title to read) he designated a new genus, Stanleya (honoring British naturalist Lord Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby).  Nuttall named this species Stanleya pinnatifida.  Nathaniel Britton (1859-1934) renamed the plant Stanleya pinnata in 1889.  It has had several dozen other names since Pursh and Nuttall.  (More biographical information about Stanley.)

Stanleya pinnata
Stanleya pinnata (Prince’s Plume)
Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

Semi-desert, foothills. Woodlands, openings. Spring.
Along the Colorado River, Utah, April 13, 2005.

Stanleya pinnata
Stanleya pinnata (Prince’s Plume)
Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

Semi-desert, foothills. Woodlands, openings. Spring.
Along the Colorado River, Utah, April 13, 2005.

Sepals are reflexed; petals are united at their base then narrow into individual segments and then broaden; six stamens (curling as they age) greatly protrude; and the style is long and club-like.

Stanleya pinnata
Stanleya pinnata (Prince’s Plume)
Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

Semi-desert, foothills. Woodlands, openings. Spring.
Kane Creek Canyon, Utah, March 15, 2007.

Flower stalks persist for a year or two and make Stanleya pinnata easy to identify.  New spring highly dissected (pinnately lobed) basal leaves add to the ease of identification.  Notice in the top photograph that the upper leaves are not pinnate.

Click for a view of a massive bloom of Stanleya pinnata.

 

Range map © John Kartesz,
Floristic Synthesis of North America

State Color Key

Species present in state and native
Species present in state and exotic
Species not present in state

County Color Key

Species present and not rare
Species present and rare
Species extirpated (historic)
Species extinct
Species noxious
Species exotic and present
Native species, but adventive in state
Eradicated
Questionable presence

Range map for Stanleya pinnata