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 The spurs present on most Aquilegia flowers are unique and give rise to its scientific and common names:
1) Almost all sources, including botanical Latin expert William Stearn, indicate that the word "Aquilegia" is derived from the Latin "Aquila" ("Eagle"). "Aquilegia" would then refer to the talons of an Eagle and their similarity to the spurs of the flower. William Weber, however, indicates that the word is derived from "aqua" ("water") and "legere" ("to collect") referring to the "nectar at the base of the spur".  
2) "Columbine", Latin ("columbinus") for "Dove", refers to the flower's resemblance (from the rear or side of the flower) to a group of Doves.

Weber places Aquilegia in Helleboraceae, not Ranunculaceae. 

     Aquilegia micrantha.   Aquilegia elegantula and
Aquilegia coerulea x elegantula (the hybrid of A. coerulea and A. elegantula)
.

This is a native species.

Aquilegia coerulea variety daileyae

Aquilegia coerulea variety daileyae (Spurless Columbine)
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Alpine, subalpine, montane.  Meadows, woodlands, rocks, scree.  Summer.

Spurless varieties of Aquilegia coerulea are a rare find. William Weber records these varieties occurring only around Rocky Mountain National Park. Betty spotted this one in the La Plata Mountains between Durango and Cortez. We have revisited the site for a number of years but have never found this Aquilegia variety again.

See "Non-Polinator Selection..." for interesting results of research on Aquilegia coerulea variety daileyae.

Aquilegia coerulea variety daileyae

Aquilegia coerulea variety daileyae (Spurless Columbine)
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Alpine, subalpine, montane.  Meadows, woodlands, rocks, scree.  Summer.